Plant Description Medical Properties Dosage
Caution & Interaction Efficacy Studies & Other Clinical Data Helpful Links
Latin (botanical) name: Urtica dioica
Common names: Stinging Nettle, Common Nettle, Great Stinging Nettle, Nettle
Plant Description: Nettles, or stinging nettles, are a perennial plant growing worldwide in wet, wooded areas, and wastelands all over the United States. It grows 2-7 feet high with a richly-branched yellow rhizome which spreads over large areas. The stems are covered with long stinging hairs and short bristly hairs. The leaves are opposite, cordate, pointed, and deeply toothed. The unisexual flowers, which bloom from July to September, are arranged in drooping panicles, and colored white to yellow to greenish-yellow. Nettles have a nasty reputation for the sting from the hairs and bristles present on the leaves and stems. The stinging sensation from contact with the hairs is caused by the presence of formic acid and amines (histamine, serotonin and choline).
Medicinal Properties &Uses: Nettle root constituents include lignans, scopoletin, sterols, oleannoic acid, and the flavanoids isoquercitin and rutin. Also contained within this plant are minerals such as iron, silica, potassium, manganese, sulphur, and vitamins A and C. It is anti-rheumatic, antiseptic, and astringent. Nettle contains a histamine and is used in the treatment of allergies and hayfever. It is beneficial in the treatment of eczema, psoriasis, and other skin conditions as it helps cleanse the body of toxins. Rich in iron and vitamin C, the Nettle is also a useful remedy in anemia. The vitamin C ensures that the iron is properly absorbed. As an astringent, it is used for blood in the urine, staunching the flow of blood from a nosebleed or a wound, hemorrhoids, and excessive menstrual flow. Clinical trials on Nettles have shown improvements in urinary flow, and reduced urinary frequency, nocturia and residual urine after six months treatment. A decoction of the plant is good for diarrhea.
Dosage: 30-60 drops in water or juice, 2-3 times daily or as needed. Shake well before using.
Cautions & Interactions: Do not take during pregnancy. Keep out of reach of children.
Efficacy Studies & Other Clinical Data: Helpful Links: